8.1 Action States
As discussed in Chapter 2, as elements communicate with one another within a society of objects, each element has the responsibility of appropriately reacting to the communications it receives. An action state represents processing as an element fulfills a responsibility. There are various types of action states, including simple, initial, and final action states. The next few sections discuss these different types of action states.
8.1.1 Simple Action States
In the UML, an action state is shown as a shape with a straight top and bottom and convex arcs on the two sides, and is labeled with the name of an operation or a description of the processing. Figure 8-1 shows the various action states associated with the project management system.
8.1.2 Initial and Final Action States
An initial action state indicates the first action state on an activity diagram. In the UML, an initial action state is shown using a small solid filled circle. A final action state indicates the last action state on an activity diagram. In the UML, a final action state is shown using a circle surrounding a small solid filled circle (a bull's eye). Figure 8-2 updates Figure 8-1 with an initial and final action state. An activity diagram may have only one initial action state, but may have any number of final action states.